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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/11893

Title: Long-term cryopreservation of human mesenchymal stem cells using carboxylated poly-l-lysine without the addition of proteins or dimethyl sulfoxide
Authors: Matsumura, Kazuaki
Hayashi, Fumiaki
Nagashima, Toshio
Hyon, Suong Hyu
Keywords: polyampholytes
stem cells
tissue engineering
Issue Date: 2013-02-22
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Magazine name: Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
Volume: 24
Number: 12
Start page: 1484
End page: 1497
DOI: 10.1080/09205063.2013.771318
Abstract: Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) are known for their potential to undergo mesodermal differentiation into many cell types, including osteocytes, adipocytes, and chondrocytes. Therefore, hBMSCs could be used for a variety of regenerative medicine therapies; in fact, hBMC-derived osteocytes have already been used in bone reconstruction. This study discusses the viability and the differentiation properties of hBMSCs that have been cryopreserved in the absence of proteins or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), by using a novel polyampholyte cryoprotectant (CPA). This CPA is based on carboxylated poly-L-lysine (COOH-PLL) and was prepared by a reaction between -poly-L-lysine and succinic anhydride. 1H-NMR and two-dimensional correlation (1H-13C HSQC) spectroscopy revealed that COOH-PLL did not have a special structure in solution. hBMSCs can be cryopreserved for 24 months at −80°C by using a 7.5% (w/w) cryopreserving solution of COOH-PLL which introduces carboxyl groups that result in >90% cell viability after thawing. Furthermore, the cryopreserved hBMSCs fully retained both their proliferative capacity as well as their potential for osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation. Confocal laser-scanning microscopy findings showed that the polyampholyte CPA did not penetrate the cell membrane; rather, it attached to the membrane during cryopreservation. These results indicate that the cryoprotective mechanisms of COOH-PLL might differ from those of currently used small-molecule CPAs. These results also suggest that using COOH-PLL as a cryoprotectant for hBMSC preservation can eliminate the use of proteins and DMSO, which would be safer if these cells were used for cell transplantation or regenerative medicine.
Rights: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, 24(12), 2013, 1484-1497. Copyright (C) 2013 Taylor & Francis, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09205063.2013.771318
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/11893
Material Type: author
Appears in Collections:c10-1. 雑誌掲載論文 (Journal Articles)

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