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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/15364

タイトル: Energy dissipation unveils atomic displacement in the noncontact atomic force microscopy imaging of Si(111)-(7×7)
著者: Arai, Toyoko
Inamura, Ryo
Kura, Daiki
Tomitori, Masahiko
キーワード: atomic force microscopy
energy dissipation
発行日: 2018-03-19
出版者: American Physical Society
誌名: Physical Review B
巻: 97
開始ページ: 115428-1
終了ページ: 115428-6
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.115428
抄録: The kinetic energy of the oscillating cantilever of noncontact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM) at room temperature was considerably dissipated over regions between a Si adatom and its neighboring rest atom for Si(111)-(7 × 7) in close proximity to a Si tip on the cantilever. However, nc-AFM topographic images showed no atomic features over those regions, which were the hollow sites of the (7 × 7). This energy dissipation likely originated from displacement of Si adatoms with respect to the tip over the hollow sites, leading to a lateral shift of the adatoms toward the rest atom. This interaction led to hysteresis over each cantilever oscillation cycle; when the tip was retracted, the Si adatom likely returned to its original position. To confirm the atomic processes involved in the force interactions through Si dangling bonds, the Si(111)-(7 × 7) surface was partly terminated with atomic hydrogen (H) and examined by nc-AFM. When the Si adatoms and/or the rest atoms were terminated with H, the hollow sites were not bright (less dissipation) in images of the energy dissipation channels by nc-AFM. The hollow sites acted as metastable sites for Si adatoms in surface diffusion and atom manipulation; thus, the dissipation energy which is saturated on the tip likely corresponds to the difference in the potential energy between the hollow site and the Si adatom site. In this study, we demonstrated the ability of dissipation channels of nc-AFM to enable visualization of the dynamics of atoms and molecules on surfaces, which cannot be revealed by nc-AFM topographic images alone.
Rights: Toyoko Arai, Ryo Inamura, Daiki Kura, and Masahiko Tomitori, Physical Review B, 97, 2018, 115428-1-115428-6. Copyright 2018 by the American Physical Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.115428
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/15364
資料タイプ: publisher
出現コレクション:c10-1. 雑誌掲載論文 (Journal Articles)


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