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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/16164

Title: Rapid progression and subsequent saturation of polarization-type potential-induced degradation of n-type front-emitter crystalline-silicon photovoltaic modules
Authors: Yamaguchi, Seira
Nakamura, Kyotaro
Masuda, Atsushi
Ohdaira, Keisuke
Issue Date: 2018-11-12
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Magazine name: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume: 57
Number: 12
Start page: 122301-1
End page: 122301-6
DOI: 10.7567/JJAP.57.122301
Abstract: In this study, we investigated progression of potential-induced degradation (PID) in photovoltaic modules fabricated from n-type-based crystalline-silicon cells with front p^+ emitters. In PID tests in which a bias of −1000 V was applied to the modules, they started to degrade within 5 s and their degradation saturated within 60 s. This behavior suggested that the PID was caused by positive charge accumulation in the front passivation films. Performing PID tests with a bias of −1500 V revealed that the degradation rate strongly depended on the applied bias whereas the saturation value was independent of the applied bias. Regeneration tests on degraded modules previously subjected to PID tests for durations of 5 and 10 min were performed by applying a positive bias of +1000 V. All the degraded modules completely recovered their performance losses within 60 s regardless of the degradation test duration. On the basis of these results, we proposed that these positive charges originate from positively charged K centers formed by extracting electrons from neutral and negatively charged K centers. This model readily explains the observed degradation and regeneration behavior. To test our model, we determined the fixed positive charge densities(Q_f ) of a silicon nitride passivation film before and after PID, for which it was found that Q_f showed similar saturation behavior. Additionally, the saturated Q_f value was of the same order as K center density. These results support our model involving a charging process of K centers.
Rights: This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of The Japan Society of Applied Physics. Copyright (C) 2018 The Japan Society of Applied Physics. Seira Yamaguchi, Kyotaro Nakamura, Atsushi Masuda and Keisuke Ohdaira, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 57(12), 2018, 122301. http://dx.doi.org/10.7567/JJAP.57.122301
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/16164
Material Type: author
Appears in Collections:c10-1. 雑誌掲載論文 (Journal Articles)

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