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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/9854

Title: Efficient dynamic bipedal walking using effects of semicircular feet
Authors: Asano, Fumihiko
Luo, Zhi-Wei
Keywords: Dynamic bipedal walking
Semicircular feet
Gait generation
Mechanical energy
Issue Date: 2010-05-07
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Magazine name: Robotica
Volume: 29
Number: 3
Start page: 351
End page: 365
DOI: 10.1017/S0263574710000160
Abstract: Achieving energy-efficient and high-speed dynamic walking has become one of the main subjects of research in the area of robotic biped locomotion, and passive dynamic walking has attracted a great deal of attention as a solution to this. It is empirically known that the convex curve of the foot, which characterizes passive–dynamic walkers, has an important effect on increasing the walking speed. This paper mainly discusses our investigations into the driving mechanism for compass-like biped robots and the rolling effect of semicircular feet. We first analyze the mechanism for a planar fully actuated compass-like biped model to clarify the importance of ankle-joint torque by introducing a generalized virtual-gravity concept. A planar underactuated biped model with semicircular feet is then introduced and we demonstrate that virtual passive dynamic walking only by hip-joint torque can be accomplished based on the rolling effect. We then compare the rolling effect with a flat feet model through linear approximation, and show that the rolling effect is equivalent to virtual ankle-joint torque. Throughout this paper, we provide novel insights into how zero-moment-point-free robots can generate a dynamic bipedal gait.
Rights: Copyright (C) 2010 Cambridge University Press. Fumihiko Asano and Zhi-Wei Luo, Robotica, 29(3), 2010, 351-365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0263574710000160
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/9854
Material Type: publisher
Appears in Collections:b10-1. 雑誌掲載論文 (Journal Articles)

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