JAIST Repository >
a. 知識科学研究科・知識科学系 >
a11. 会議発表論文 >
a11-1. 会議発表論文 >

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/15253

タイトル: Quantifying the impact of active choice in word learning
著者: Hidaka, Shohei
Torii, Takuma
Kachergis, George
キーワード: cognitive models of language acquisition
cross-situational word learning
statistical learning
発行日: 2017-07
出版者: Cognitive Science Society
誌名: Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci2017)
開始ページ: 519
終了ページ: 524
抄録: Past theoretical studies on word learning have offered simple sampling models as a means of explaining real word learning, with a particular goal of addressing the speed of word learning: people learn tens of thousands of words within their first 18 years. The present study revisits past theoretical claims by considering a more realistic word frequency distribution in which a large number of words are sampled with extremely small probabilities (e.g., according to Zipf’s law). Our new mathematical analysis of a recently-proposed simple learning model suggests that the model is unable to account for word learning in feasible time when the distribution of word frequency is Zipfian (i.e., power-law distributed). To ameliorate the difficulty of learning real-world word frequency distributions, we consider a type of active, self-directed learning in which the learner can influence the construction of contexts from which they learn words. We show that active learners who choose optimal learning situations can learn words hundreds of times faster than passive learners faced with randomly-sampled situations. Thus, in agreement with past empirical studies、 we find theoretical support for the idea that statistical structure in real-world situations-potentially structured for learning by both a self-directed learner, and by a beneficent teacher-is a potential remedy for the pathological case of learning words with Zipf-distributed frequency.
Rights: Copyright (C) 2017 Authors. Shohei Hidaka, Takuma Torii, George Kachergis, Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci2017), 2017, 519-524.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/15253
資料タイプ: publisher
出現コレクション:a11-1. 会議発表論文 (Conference Papers)


ファイル 記述 サイズ形式
23460.pdf2026KbAdobe PDF見る/開く



お問い合わせ先 : 北陸先端科学技術大学院大学 研究推進課図書館情報係