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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/17248

Title: The CARESSES Randomised Controlled Trial: Exploring the Health-Related Impact of Culturally Competent Artificial Intelligence Embedded Into Socially Assistive Robots and Tested in Older Adult Care Homes
Authors: Papadopoulos, Chris
Castro, Nina
Nigath, Abiha
Davidson, Rosemary
Faulkes, Nicholas
Menicatti, Roberto
Khaliq, Ali Abdul
Recchiuto, Carmine
Battistuzzi, Linda
Randhawa, Gurch
Merton, Len
Kanoria, Sanjeev
Chong, Nak-Young
Kamide, Hiroko
Hewson, David
Sgorbissa, Antonio
Keywords: CARESSES
Mental health
Socially assistive robots
Experimental trial
Older adults
Cultural competence
Issue Date: 2021-04-23
Publisher: Springer Nature
Magazine name: International Journal of Social Robotics
DOI: 10.1007/s12369-021-00781-x
Abstract: This trial represents the final stage of the CARESSES project which aimed to develop and evaluate a culturally competent artificial intelligent system embedded into social robots to support older adult wellbeing. A parallel group, single-blind randomised controlled trial was conducted across older adult care homes in England and Japan. Participants randomly allocated to the Experimental Group or Control Group 1 received a Pepper robot for up 18 h across 2 weeks. Two versions of the CARESSES artificial intelligence were tested: a fully culturally competent system (Experimental Group) and a more limited version (Control Group 1). Control Group 2 (Care As Usual) participants did not receive a robot. Quantitative outcomes of interest reported in the current paper were health-related quality of life (SF-36), loneliness (ULS-8), and perceptions of robotic cultural competence (CCATool-Robotics). Thirty-three residents completed all procedures. The difference in SF-36 Emotional Wellbeing scores between Experimental Group and Care As Usual participants over time was significant (F[1] = 6.614, sig = .019, ηp^2 = .258), as was the comparison between Any Robot used and Care As Usual (F[1] = 5.128, sig = .031, ηp^2 = .146). There were no significant changes in SF-36 physical health subscales. ULS-8 loneliness scores slightly improved among Experimental and Control Group 1 participants compared to Care As Usual participants, but this was not significant. This study brings new evidence which cautiously supports the value of culturally competent socially assistive robots in improving the psychological wellbeing of older adults residing in care settings.
Rights: Chris Papadopoulos, Nina Castro, Abiha Nigath, Rosemary Davidson, Nicholas Faulkes, Roberto Menicatti, Ali Abdul Khaliq, Carmine Recchiuto, Linda Battistuzzi, Gurch Randhawa, Len Merton, Sanjeev Kanoria, Nak-Young Chong, Hiroko Kamide, David Hewson, Antonio Sgorbissa, International Journal of Social Robotics, 2021, DOI:10.1007/s12369-021-00781-x. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10119/17248
Material Type: publisher
Appears in Collections:b10-1. 雑誌掲載論文 (Journal Articles)

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